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- The name Dhahran is attributed to the limestone mountain prominent in its middle.
- The region is characterized by its location near major oil deposits.
- Dhahran is home to many important buildings.
- The northern end of the world’s largest oil field is located near Dhahran.
Since 1932, the city of Dhahran, located in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, has been gaining great importance as the oil capital of the Kingdom, especially as it hosts the headquarters of Aramco.
The city is located on the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia, and is characterized by its middle location between the city of Dammam, which it borders to the north, and the city of Al-Khobar, which it borders to the east and south.
The name of the city of Dhahran is attributed to the prominent limestone mountain in its middle, which reaches a height of 100 meters and is currently located on the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals.
Dhahran promises Saudi oil
The city of Dhahran has been associated with the oil industry since the beginning of the fossil fuel discoveries in Saudi Arabia, which dates back to 1933; The region is distinguished by its location near the main and ancient oil reservoirs in Saudi Arabia, considering it the first city to witness the flow of Saudi oil.
After King Abdulaziz signed, in 1933, the first concession agreement for oil exploration in the Kingdom with Standard Oil of California (Socal), attention turned to Mount Dhahran after the arrival of geologists to the coastal region of Jubail, about 105 kilometers north of Dammam.
After several attempts – sometimes interspersed with frustration – to drill more than one well, the year 1938 witnessed the flow of Saudi oil for the first time from well No. (7), which is located on a mountain hill in the city of Dhahran in the geological formation known as the “Dammam Dome”, to be the start of a spark Saudi oil, to be described at the time as a well of good.
The beginnings of drilling well No. (7) also witnessed some difficulties. Although drilling at a depth of 1097 meters from the well and reaching 5.7 liters of oil in drilling mud diluted with some gas; The control equipment failed to control Dammam Well No. 7; Because the well erupted and threw out what is in it of liquids and gases.
Drilling continued in the well to a depth of 1382 meters, the amount of oil found by the drilling team was negligible, and while holding on to the hope of reaching oil, they continued drilling to a distance of 1440 meters below the surface of the earth to achieve well No. (7), the first human for Saudi oil.
In March 1938, Well No. (7) produced about 1585 barrels of oil per day, then the well’s oil production continued to rise to 3,810 barrels per day in the later days of the month, after which it was announced that the well was suitable for investment.
The total production of oil wells in Dhahran reached about 32 million barrels until 1982; That is, after 45 years of operation, before production was excluded from it for operational reasons.
Dhahran is home to many important buildings; Most notably, the headquarters of Aramco, which is the largest oil company in the world.
Aramco’s beginnings go back to 1933; After the conclusion of an oil exploration concession agreement between Saudi Arabia and Standard Oil of California (Socal), it was decided to establish a subsidiary company called the California Arabian Standard Oil Company (Casoc) to manage this agreement.
In 1980, Saudi Arabia acquired the entire Aramco company, changing its name to the Saudi Arabian Oil Company “Saudi Aramco”.
With the development and expansion of the company, in 2000 it established a research and development center in Dhahran for its scientists.
Dhahran is also a residential city for its employees; As they were allocated large residential neighborhoods.
University of Oil and Aramco Exhibition
In 1963, Saudi Arabia built King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals on the highest plateau in the city of Dhahran.
King Fahd University of Petroleum in Dhahran is the first university educational institution in the Eastern Province, which includes many colleges; Including the applied truce, basic and engineering sciences, environmental designs and management, computers, and industrial management.
And King Fahd University of Petroleum is an educational authority specialized in scientific research fields and the provision of studies and scientific research.
Aramco also established a permanent exhibition in Dhahran, providing information on the history and production of oil, the “Aramco Oil” exhibition.
The Aramco Oil Exhibition contains a large number of detailed maps and pictures of the oil industry and its production, in addition to including information on the story of the discovery of oil and gas.
In December 2020, Saudi Arabia announced the discovery of unconventional oil in the Al-Rish field northwest of the city of Dhahran.
According to the Saudi Press Agency, the flow of Arab ultra-light oil from Al-Rish well No. 2, at a rate of 4,452 barrels per day, accompanied by 3.2 million cubic feet of gas per day.
Saudi Aramco also drilled two wells No. 3 and 4 in the Al-Rish field; The initial production from Al-Reesh well No. 3 amounted to about 2745 barrels per day, accompanied by 3 million cubic feet of gas per day, while the flow rate of Arabian Ultra Light oil from Al-Reesh well No. 4 reached 3654 barrels per day, accompanied by about 1.6 million standard cubic feet of gas. Gas.
The importance of the Al-Rish field in Dhahran is evident in proving the possibility of producing very light Arabian oil from the Jabal Tuwaiq formation, according to Saudi Energy Minister Abdulaziz bin Salman bin Abdulaziz.
The largest oil field in the world is near Dhahran
The northern end of the Ghawar field, which is described as the largest oil field in the world, is located about 100 kilometers west of the city of Dhahran.
According to Aramco, Ghawar field is the largest oil field in the world in terms of its proven conventional reserves of 58.32 billion barrels of oil equivalent as on December 31, 2018.
The production volume of Ghawar field exceeds half of the total cumulative crude oil production in the Kingdom, which consists of 6 main regions: “Fazran, Ain Dar, Shedgum, Othmani, Hawiyah and Haradh.”
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