Kenya’s clean energy is a model to be followed in Africa; While the majority of African countries depend on fossil fuels imported from abroad to generate electricity, Nairobi aims to produce 100% of electricity from green sources by 2030.
While most of the African continent lives in complete darkness, Kenya’s electricity delivery rate has risen from less than 30% in 2013, to more than 75% in 2020.
The number of electricity utility customers in Kenya jumped to 8.59 million at the end of last year, from 8.27 million in June.
100% clean energy
The Principal Secretary of Kenya’s Ministry of Energy, Gordon Kihalangwa, said that renewable energy sources currently represent about 73% of the total installed electricity generation capacity, and that 90% of the electricity generated in the country comes from clean energy sources; Which is reflected positively on the health of the Kenyan people.
Kenya relies on geothermal plants, wind farms, solar and hydroelectric power to generate clean energy.
Kenya has the largest wind power plant in sub-Saharan Africa.
Kihalangwa added, during his speech at a workshop entitled “Verifying the Implementation Plan of the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy in Kenya”, that his country is on track to achieve 100% of clean energy use by 2030, and is on the path to universal access to clean cooking by 2028.
Up to 75% of Kenya’s population uses solid fuels as a primary source of cooking; It uses 68% wood, 7.8% paraffin, and 23.9% cooking gas.
Clean cooking solutions such as ethanol, biogas and electricity have the potential to reduce harmful carbon emissions.
High demand for electricity
The strategic plan covers 5 vital sectors including homes, buildings, transportation, utility industry and agriculture, with the aim of achieving food security, housing and health care at affordable prices for all Kenyans.
The Principal Secretary of the Kenya Ministry of Energy indicated that with the projected growth in the building stock in Kenya to nearly 47 million square meters by 2025, the electricity consumption in the building and construction sector is set to increase, and the electricity supply for all buildings, both new and existing, will be from Clean energy sources by 2030, according to ESA Africa.
Most of the geothermal power plants in Africa are located in Kenya; The country has an installed capacity of electricity of 2,819 megawatts; Among them, 828 MW are geothermal power plants in the west of the country.
Gordon Kihalangwa said reforms in the clean energy sector are being developed and implemented on an ongoing basis to improve the sustainability of the national economy’s performance and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
“These reforms will support implementation of the Paris Agreement and efforts to achieve Kenya’s climate goals as stipulated in the First National Contributions,” he added.
The energy sector accounts for three quarters of global greenhouse gas emissions, and nearly 800 million people still lack access to electricity, while 3 billion suffer from the absence of clean cooking fuels; This causes more than one million deaths each year due to indoor smoke pollution.
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