The Dhofar Wind Power Plant is part of the plans implemented by the Oman Authority to raise the percentage of renewable energy’s contribution to electricity generation in the country, in line with the global trend towards clean energy, to reduce harmful emissions.
Oman aims to reach 20% of its energy mix with renewable energy sources by 2030, and raise it to 39% by 2040, according to the World Wind Energy Council.
The Sultanate of Oman is implementing many renewable energy projects, especially in wind and solar energy, in order to take advantage of the sun’s rays and winds that the country is exposed to.
Dhofar power plant
The Dhofar Wind Energy Project – which has been operating commercially since November 2019 – is located in the Omani Governorate of Dhofar, which is home to many renewable energy projects, most notably photovoltaic and solar energy.
The Dhofar plant, with an area of 1,900 hectares (19 square kilometers), is described as the largest in wind power generation in the Persian Gulf region, with a capacity of nearly 50 megawatts, according to the Oman News Agency.
The construction works of the station began in the first quarter of 2018, at a cost of $100 million, and fully funded by the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development.
The Dhofar Wind Power Plant project is the result of a joint development agreement signed in 2014 between the Government of the Sultanate of Oman – represented by the Rural Areas Electricity Company “Tanweer” – and the Government of Abu Dhabi – represented by the Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company “Masdar” – which carried out the task of developing the project, according to the website Tanweer Corporation.
The station consists of 13 wind turbines with a generating capacity of 3.8 megawatts per turbine, produced by the General Electric Company.
The electricity generated is transmitted through the Dhofar Wind Power Station via high voltage lines (132 kV) with the main company in the Dhofar Governorate.
Information about the Dhofar project
The Sultanate of Oman has specified the construction of the station in the Wilayat of Thumrait in the Dhofar Governorate; It has a wind speed of up to 8 meters per second.
According to the Emirati company, Masdar, which is implementing the project, the Dhofar Wind Power Plant will prevent the emission of about 110,000 tons of carbon dioxide annually.
It also works to provide electricity to more than 16 thousand homes, and to provide about 7% of the electricity need of Dhofar Governorate.
The Dhofar Power Plant project won the award for the best wind energy project in 2019, at a ceremony held in the Malaysian capital, Kuala Lumpur.
Huge potential of offshore wind
Data from the World Wind Energy Council confirm that the Sultanate of Oman has a huge technical potential of offshore wind with a capacity of 61 GW from fixed wind stations, and 118 MW from floating offshore wind.
However, the Wind Energy Council monitored some challenges facing the Sultanate of Oman in the spread of wind energy, most notably the high costs of capital, the lack of schedules, and the lack of advanced technologies in the country to measure wind speed.
Oman plans to launch a competitive bid for a wind project in its southern part, with a capacity of 100 megawatts.
The Energy Council believes that the political support provided by the Omani government encourages carbon-neutral fuels and green hydrogen.
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