Zubaydah quenches the thirst of pilgrims 1,200 years ago - Saudi News

The residents of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, pilgrims, visitors and pilgrims in the past relied on wells to provide their water needs. The pilgrims carried water to Arafat from distant places, and the people standing in Arafat did not ask for anything but water, due to its lack and dignity.

When Princess Zubaydah bint Jaafar al-Mansur, the wife of Caliph Harun al-Rashid, who was born in 145 AH, learned; She is known for her intelligence, wisdom, generosity, nobility, eloquence, and her love to serve people, especially the poor. Baghdad to Mecca and made it for the public benefit (pilgrims and passers-by).

Zubaydah ordered the digging of water channels connected to the rain falls, and bought all the lands in Wadi Numan, expropriated the ownership of farms and palms, and ordered that a canal be built for water in the mountains. Today, the science of engineering has developed and advanced, especially in the ability of workers at that time to draw water over that long distance and through mountainous heights and depressions, valleys and deserts. The sacred sites in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, passing through the holy sites of Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifah, and the traces of water channels and beads still exist to this day in the foothills of the mountains, as if they had been done yesterday despite the passage of hundreds of years on them.

During its implementation, it was taken into account to place openings for sub-channels that it built in the places where the torrential waters are expected to meet; In order for this water to be tributaries that increase the amount of water transported to Makkah Al-Mukarramah through the main channel, and from these sub-channels that it has allocated for the additional waters of Al-Sailiya on the road: Ain “Mashash”, “Ain “Maimoun”, “Ain “Al-Zaafaran”, Ain “Al-Baroud”, “Ain Al-Tariqi” and “Ain Al-Tariqi” Ain Tubbeh” and “Ain Al-Jarniyat”; All the water of these subsidiary canals flows into the main channel, some of it increases annually, and some of it decreases according to the rains that fall on its sides from Wadi Numan to Arafat. The project is one of the greatest historical projects whose traces still exist hundreds of years ago to this day, and immortalized with it the history of this great woman whose goal was to water pilgrims.

Dr. Fawaz Al-Dahhas, director of the Center for the History of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, confirms that there were no water resources in Makkah Al-Mukarramah before Zamzam that attracted the tribes that rippled the Arabian Peninsula, and Makkah was a barren town in which no one had a decision. In the mountains, then it was ordered to build and improve ponds with the aim of collecting water after the rains, and it was carried out in a canal to the stream of the spring that nourishes and strengthens it, and it became every pond that supplies it with water. The eyes are rushing in the (double) stream of Ain Hanin, and when the projects were completed, the direct people and their workers gathered and brought their books, in which the cost of the project and the terms of exchange were recorded. And Mrs. Zubaydah was in a high palace overlooking the Tigris River, so she ordered that the notebooks be thrown into the river, and she said: We left the account for the day of reckoning, so whoever has something of the rest of the money is his, and whoever has something left with us we give it to him.

He added that during the reign of King Abdulaziz, a special department was established to manage the eye called (Ain Zubaydah), which fully supervises the wells and its restoration. Abdullah Al-Dahlawi, by order of King Abdulaziz in the year 1346 AH, built the building of Ain Zubaydah for several years. Then it began to be distributed in small sewers to the neighborhoods of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, and they were called debol (meaning a small stream of water). The waterings are distributed to the houses in the neighborhood in special containers called (the zafa), which the man carries on his shoulder to the houses. This spring continued until it was replaced by sea water resulting from the huge desalination plants, due to the scarcity of water in it and the destruction of most of its canals due to the urban development in Makkah Al-Mukarramah. Research and studies are still ongoing to revive Ain Zubaydah. The “King Abdulaziz House” coordinates its studies with several bodies related to water wealth in the Makkah Al-Mukarramah region, with the aim of obtaining copies of documents and all information related to Ain Zubaydah and its restoration and maintenance projects.

Ain Zubaydah channels are still in place, watched by those coming to Mecca.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.